National REDD+ Support
Under the national REDD+ support component the project aims to support the Lao PDR to complete the REDD+ Readiness phase. One of the main goals of the CliPAD project is to enable the national REDD+ Division and the six Technical Working Groups under the national REDD+ Task Force to develop the Emission Reductions Program Document (ER-PD) in order to get access to the Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).
Another key aspect is the development of a national REDD+ strategy that is in accordance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other international standards in order to fulfil the requirements for results-based payments. The project strengthens the REDD+ Task Force and the six Technical Working Groups in preparing the substantive/organizational aspects (including legal frameworks, safeguards, benefit sharing and monitoring and reporting) of the strategy and the Emission Reductions Program under the FCPF Carbon Fund for the successful implementation of REDD+ in close collaboration with other development partners such as World Bank, JICA and FAO.
Provincial REDD Action Plans (PRAPs)
The GoL submitted its Emission Reductions Program Idea Note (ER-PIN) in 2015, and in 2016 the country got officially being accepted into the Carbon Fund pipeline. The GoL has to the elaborate an Emission Reductions Program Document (ER-PD) which is to be submitted to the FCPF Carbon Fund by January 2018. If the country´s Emission Reductions Program Document is being accepted, the country would be eligible for performance-based payments for the selected eligible REDD+ activities.
Six provinces in the north of the country have been selected within the framework of the ER-PD: Bokeo, Houaphan, Luang Namtha, Luang Prabang, Oudomxay and Sayabouri. In order to support the elaboration of an ER-PD the country intends to develop six Provincial REDD+ Action Plans (PRAPs) which will act as the frameworks through which national policies, strategies and action plans for REDD+ will be mainstreamed into local-level plans to guide their implementation. They need to be aligned with national, provincial and district-level development plans and sectoral strategies and plans, while also showing a direct linkage on how they will address the main drivers of deforestation and forest degradation in the province. CliPAD supports the provincial REDD+ offices in the development of 3 out of six Provincial REDD+ Action Plans, namely in Houaphan, Sayabouri and Luang Namtha.
Access to Climate Finance
CliPAD supports the GoL in getting access to climate finance. The project aims to develop a project proposal to be submitted to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) to finance the implementation of the six Provincial REDD+ Action Plans being developed under the six provinces Emission Reductions Program. The project also collaborates with the Department of Disaster Management and Climate Change (DDMCC) within the scope of this field of action. CliPAD supports the National Designated Authority (NDA) to the Green Climate Fund in terms of capacity building and institutional strengthening through an integrated expert.
Village Forest Management
CliPAD supports the GoL in the province of Houaphan to provide incentives to local communities to participate in forest management and conservation efforts in village forest areas.
In collaboration with the financial module of CliPAD the project is supporting the provincial and district forest officers in the development and implementation of Village Forest Management (VFM) in 70 target villages in two districts of Houaphan. Village Forest Management covers the protection and sustainable use of all categories of village forests, as permitted by existing legislations. In close collaboration with the relevant district authorities, Village Forest Management Agreements (VilFoMA) are being developed through an consultative Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) process. The project already developed village forest management guidelines and a manual about the implementation of forest management related activities, which are feeding into the current development of a national guideline on village forestry. Under this component the Village Forestry and NTFP Division under the Department of Forestry (DoF) is also being advised on improved coordination and harmonization of the different approaches to village forest management in Laos.